语言单子

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此里列出772中自然语言。根据语言英文名排序。单子里向包括一些已灭绝个语言。

单子[编辑]

Languages world map.png
     Berber languages
     Chadic languages
     Cushitic languages
     Semitic languages
     Korean language
     Japonic languages
     Mongolic languages
     Tungusic languages
     Turkic languages

     Amerind languages      Australian Aboriginal languages      Austroasiatic languages      Austronesian languages      Languages of the Caucasus      Dravidian languages      Eskimo–Aleut languages

     Albanian language
     Armenian language
     Baltic languages
     Celtic languages
     日耳曼语族
     Greek language
     Indo-Aryan languages
     Iranian languages
     罗曼语族
     Slavic languages

     Khoisan languages      Niger–Congo languages      Nilo-Saharan languages      Paleosiberian languages      Papuan languages

     汉语族
     藏缅语族

     壮侗语族      乌拉尔语系      巴斯克语

Language Group

A

Are'are Malayo-Polynesian
'Auhelawa Malayo-Polynesian
A'Tong 藏缅语族
Aari Omotic
Aariya unclassified
Abanyom Bantu
Abaza Northwest Caucasian
Abenaki Eastern Algonquian
Abkhaz or Abkhazian Northwest Caucasian
Abujmaria Dravidian
Acehnese Malayo-Polynesian
Adamorobe Sign Language Signing
Adele Kwa
Adyghe Northwest Caucasian
Afar Cushitic
Afrikaans 日耳曼语族
Afro-Seminole Creole English-based creole
Aguaruna Jivaroan
Aimaq or Barbari Iranian
Aini Turkic
Ainu language isolate
Akan Kwa
Akawaio Carib
Aklanon Malayo-Polynesian
Albanian Indo-European
Aleut Eskimo–Aleut
Algonquin Algonquian
Alsatian 日耳曼语族
Altay Turkic
Alutor Chukotko-Kamchatkan
American Sign Language Signing
Amharic Semitic
Anda Khoisan
Amdang Nilo-Saharan
Amuzgo Oto-Manguean
Angika Indo-Aryan
Anyin Kwa
Ao Tibeto-Burman language
A-Pucikwar Andamanese
Arabic Semitic
Aragonese 罗曼语族
Aramaic Semitic
Are Malayo-Polynesian
Argobba Semitic
Aromanian or Macedo-Romanian 罗曼语族
Armenian Indo-European
Arvanitic Indo-European
Ashkun Indo-Iranian
Assamese Indo-Iranian
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Ateso or Teso Nilotic
Asháninka Arawakan
Asi Malayo-Polynesian
Asturian 罗曼语族
Auslan Signing
Austro-Bavarian 日耳曼语族
Avar Northeast Caucasian
Avestan Indo-Iranian
Awadhi Indo-Iranian
Aymara Aymaran
Azerbaijani Turkic

B

Badaga Dravidian
Badeshi Indo-Iranian
Bahnar Austroasiatic
Balinese Malayo-Polynesian
Balochi Indo-Iranian
Balti 藏缅语族
Bambara or Bamanankan Mande
Banjar Malayo-Polynesian
Banyumasan Malayo-Polynesian
Bartangi Iranian
Basaa Bantu
Bashkardi Iranian
Bashkir Turkic
Basque Isolated
Batak Karo Malayo-Polynesian
Batak Toba Malayo-Polynesian
Bats North Caucasian
Beja Cushitic
Belarusian Slavic
Belhare 藏缅语族
Berta Nilo-Saharan
Bemba Bantu
Bengali Indo-Aryan
Bezhta Northeast Caucasian
Berber Afro-Asiatic
Betawi Malayo-Polynesian
Bete Niger–Congo
Bété Niger–Congo
Bhili Indo-Aryan
Bhojpuri Indo-Aryan
Bijil Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Bikol Malayo-Polynesian
Bikya or Furu Bantu
Bissa Mande
Blackfoot Algonquian
Boholano Malayo-Polynesian
Bohtan Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Bonan or Paoan Mongolic
Bororo Bororoan
Bodo Bodo
Bosnian Slavic
Brahui Dravidian
Breton Celtic
British Sign Language Signing
Bru Austroasiatic
Brunei Malay Malayo-Polynesian
Bua Niger–Congo
Buginese Malayo-Polynesian
Bukusu Bantu
Bulgarian Slavic
Bunjevac Slavic
缅甸语 藏缅语族
Burushaski language isolate
Buryat Mongolic

C

Caluyanon or Caluyanun Malayo-Polynesian
粤语 汉语族
Cape Verdean Creole or Kabuverdianu Portuguese-based creole
Carrier Athabaskan
Catalan 罗曼语族
Cayuga Iroquoian
Cebuano Malayo-Polynesian
Chabacano or Chavacano Creole
Chaga or Kichagga Bantu
Chakma Indo-Aryan
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Cham Malayo-Polynesian
Chamorro Malayo-Polynesian
Chaouia or Tachawit Berber
Chatino Oto-Manguean
Chechen Northeast Caucasian
Chenchu Dravidian
Chenoua Berber
Cherokee Iroquoian
Cheyenne Algonquian
Chhattisgarhi Indo-Aryan
Chickasaw Muskogean
Chintang or Chhintang 藏缅语族
Chilcotin or Tsilhqot'in Athabaskan
Chinantec Oto-Manguean
汉语 汉语族
Chiricahua or Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache Athabaskan
Chichewa or Nyanja Bantu
Chimané or Tsimané or Mosetén isolate
Chipewyan Athabaskan
Chittagonian Indo-Aryan
Choctaw Muskogean
Ch'ol Mayan
Chontal de Oaxaca Tequistlatecan
Chontal de Tabasco Mayan
Chorasmian or Khwarezmian Iranian
Chukchi or Chukot Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Chulym Turkic
Church Slavonic Slavic
Chuukese or Trukese Malayo-Polynesian
Chuvash Turkic
Cocoma or Cocama Tupian
Cocopa Yuma-Cochimí
Coeur d’Alene Salishan
Comanche Uto-Aztecan
Comorian Bantu
Cora Uto-Aztecan
Cornish Celtic (revived)
Corsican 罗曼语族
Cree Algonquian
Crimean Tatar or Crimean Turkish Turkic
Croatian Slavic
Cuyonon Malayo-Polynesian
Czech Slavic

D

Dagaare Niger-Congo
Dagbani Gur
Dahlik Semitic
Dalecarlian 日耳曼语族
Dameli Indo-Aryan
Danish 日耳曼语族
Dargin Northeast Caucasian
Dari (Zoroastrian) Iranian
Dari-Persian Iranian
Daur or Dagur Mongolic
Dena'ina or Tanaina Athapaskan
Dhatki Indo-Aryan
Dhivehi or Maldivian Indo-Aryan
Dida Kru
Dioula or Jula Mande
Dogri Indo-Aryan
Dogrib or Tli Cho Athapaskan
Dolgan Turkic
Domaaki or Dumaki Indo-Aryan
Dongxiang or Santa Mongolic
Duala Bantu
Dungan 汉语族
Dutch 日耳曼语族
Dzhidi or Judeo-Persian Iranian
Dzongkha 藏缅语族

E

Eastern Yugur Mongolic
Egyptian Arabic Semitic
Ekoti Bantu
Enets or Yenisey Samoyed Samoyedic
English 日耳曼语族
Erzya Uralic
Esperanto Constructed language
Estonian Uralic
Even Tungusic
Evenk or Evenki Tungusic
Ewe Volta–Niger
Extremaduran 罗曼语族

F

Faroese 日耳曼语族
Fang Bantu
Fijian Malayo-Polynesian
Filipino Malayo-Polynesian
Finland-Swedish Sign Language Signing
Finnish Uralic
Finnish Sign Language Signing
Flemish language Belgium
Fon Volta–Niger
Franco-Provençal or Arpitan 罗曼语族
French 罗曼语族
French Sign Language Signing
Frisian, North 日耳曼语族
Frisian, Saterland 日耳曼语族
Frisian, West 日耳曼语族
Friulian 罗曼语族
Fula or Fulfulde or Fulani Senegambian
Fur Nilo-Saharan
Futunan Polynesian
Futuna-Aniwa Polynesian

G

Ga Kwa
Gadaba Dravidian
Gagauz Turkic
Galician 罗曼语族
赣语 汉语族
Ganda Bantu
Gangte 藏缅语族
Garhwali Indo-Aryan
Gayo Malayo-Polynesian
Gen or Gẽ or Mina Volta–Niger
Georgian South Caucasian
German 日耳曼语族
German Sign Language Signing
Gikuyu or Kikuyu Bantu
Gilbertese or Kiribati Malayo-Polynesian
Gilaki Iranian
Goaria Indo-Aryan
Gondi Dravidian
Gorani language (Našinski) Slavic
Gorani language (Zaza-Gorani) or Gurani Iranian
Gawar-Bati or Gowari or Narsati Indo-Aryan
Greenlandic or Kalaallisut Eskimo–Aleut
Greek Indo-European
Guaraní Tupian
Guinea-Bissau Creole Portuguese-based creole
Gujarati Indo-Aryan
Gula Iro or Kulaal Adamawa
Gullah or Sea Island Creole English English-based creole
Gusii Bantu
Gwichʼin Athabaskan

H

Hadza or Hatsa Language isolate
Haida or Masset Language isolate or Na-Dené
Haitian Creole French-based creole
客家话 汉语族
Hän Athabaskan
Hani 藏缅语族
Harari Semitic
Harauti Indo-Aryan
Harsusi Semitic
Haryanavi Indo-Aryan (a dialect of Hindi)
Harzani Iranian
Hausa Afro-Asiatic
Havasupai or Upland Yuman Hokan
Hawaiian Malayo-Polynesian
Hawaii Pidgin Sign Language Signing
Hazaragi Iranian (a dialect of Persian)
Hebrew Semitic
Herero Bantu
Hértevin Semitic
Hiligaynon Malayo-Polynesian
Hindi Indo-Aryan
Hindustani (the original term for Urdu/Hindi Indo-Aryan
Hinukh Northeast Caucasian
Hiri Motu Motu (Austronesian) based Pidgin
Hixkaryana Carib
Hmong Hmong–Mien
Hmu Hmong-Mien
Ho Austroasiatic
Hobyót Semitic
Hopi Uto-Aztecan
Huastec or Teenek Mayan
Huave Language isolate
Hulaulá Semitic
Hungarian Finno-Ugric
Hutterite German 日耳曼语族

I

Ibibio Benue–Congo
Iban Malayo-Polynesian
Ibanag Malayo-Polynesian
Icelandic 日耳曼语族
Ifè Volta–Niger
Igbo or Ibo or Biafra Volta–Niger
Ikalanga or Kalanga Bantu
Ili Turki Turkic
Illyrian Indo-European
Ilokano or Ilocano Malayo-Polynesian
Inari Sami Uralic
Indonesian Malayo-Polynesian
Ingrian or Izhorian Uralic
Ingush Northeast Caucasian
Inuktitut Eskimo–Aleut
Inupiaq Eskimo–Aleut
Inuvialuktun Eskimo–Aleut
Iraqw Cushitic
Irish or Irish Gaelic Celtic
Irish Sign Language Signing
Irula Dravidian
Isan or Northeastern Thai Tai–Kadai
Ishkashimi or Ishkashmi Iranian
Istro-Romanian 罗曼语族
Italian 罗曼语族
Itelmen or Kamchadal Chukotko-Kamchatkan

J

Jacaltec or Jakalteko Mayan
Jalaa unclassified, possibly Niger–Congo
Japanese Japonic
Japhug Sino-Tibetan
Jaqaru Aymaran
Jarai Malayo-Polynesian
Javanese Malayo-Polynesian
Jibbali or Shehri Semitic
Jewish Babylonian Aramaic Aramaic
Jicarilla Apache Athabaskan
Juang Austroasiatic
Jurchen Tungusic

K

Kabardian Northwest Caucasian
Kabyle Berber
Kachin or Jingpo 藏缅语族
Kaingáng
Kalami or Gawri or Dirwali Indo-Aryan
Kalasha-mun Indo-Aryan
Kalmyk or Oirat Mongolic
Kalto or Nahali Indo-Aryan
Kankanai or Kankanaey Malayo-Polynesian
Kannada Dravidian
Kanuri Nilo-Saharan
Kaonde or Chikaonde Bantu
Kapampangan Malayo-Polynesian
Karachay-Balkar Turkic
Karagas Turkic
Karaim Turkic
Karakalpak Turkic
Karelian Uralic
Karen 藏缅语族
Kashmiri Indo-Aryan
Kashubian Slavic
Kazakh Turkic
Kerek Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Keres Language isolate or Keresan family
Ket Yeniseian
Khakas Turkic
Khalaj Turkic
Kham or Sheshi 藏缅语族
Khandeshi Indo-Aryan
Khanty or Ostyak Uralic
Khasi Austroasiatic
Khitan Mongolic
Khmer Austroasiatic
Khmu Austroasiatic
Khowar Indo-Aryan
Kildin Sami Finnic
Kimatuumbi Bantu
Kinaray-a or Hiraya Malayo-Polynesian
Kinyarwanda Bantu
Kirombo Bantu
Kirundi Bantu
Kivunjo Bantu
Klallam or Clallam Salishan
Kodava Takk or Kodagu or Coorgi Dravidian
Kohistani or Khili Indo-Aryan
Kolami Dravidian
Komi or Komi-Zyrian Uralic
Konkani Indo-Aryan
Kongo or Kikongo Bantu
Koraga Dravidian
Korandje Nilo-Saharan
Korean Koreanic
Korku Austroasiatic
Korowai Trans–New Guinea
Korwa Austroasiatic
Koryak Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Kosraean Malayo-Polynesian
Kota Dravidian
Koyra Chiini or Western Songhay Nilo-Saharan
Koy Sanjaq Surat Semitic
Koya Dravidian
Krymchak or Judeo-Crimean Tatar Turkic
Kujarge unclassified, perhaps Chadic
Kui Dravidian
Kumauni Indo-Aryan
Kumeyaay or Kumiai Yuma-Cochimí (Hokan?)
Kumyk Turkic
Kumzari Iranian
ǃKung Khoisan
Kurdish Iranian
Kurukh or Kurux Dravidian
Kusunda isolate
Kutenai or Kootenay or Ktunaxa isolated
Kuy Austroasiatic
Kwak'wala Wakashan
Kwanyama or Ovambo Bantu
Kxoe Khoe
Kyrgyz or Kirghiz Turkic

L

Laal unclassified
Lacandon Mayan
Ladakhi 藏缅语族
Ladin 罗曼语族
Ladino or Judeo-Spanish 罗曼语族
Lak Northeast Caucasian
Laki Iranian
Lakota or Lakhota or Teton Siouan
Lambadi or Lamani or Banjari Indo-Aryan
Lao or Laotian Tai–Kadai
Larestani Iranian
Latin Latino-Faliscan, liturgical language
Latgalian Baltic
Latvian Baltic
Laz or Lazuri South Caucasian
Lenca Language isolate
Leonese 罗曼语族
Lezgi or Agul Northeast Caucasian
Ligbi or Ligby Mande
Limburgish 日耳曼语族
Lingala Bantu
Lipan Apache Athabascan
Lisan al-Dawat Indo-Aryan
Lishana Deni Semitic
Lishanid Noshan or Lishana Didan Semitic
Lithuanian Baltic
Livonian or Liv Uralic
Lombard 罗曼语族
Lotha 藏缅语族
Low German or Low Saxon 日耳曼语族
Lower Sorbian Slavic
Lozi or Silozi Bantu
Ludic or Ludian Uralic
Lunda or Chilunda Bantu
Luri Iranian
Lushootseed Salishan
Lusoga or Soga Bantu
Luvale Bantu
Luwati Indo-Iranian
Luxembourgish 日耳曼语族

M

Macedonian Slavic
Machiguenga Arawakan
Madurese Malayo-Polynesian
Magadhi Indo-Aryan
Maguindanao Malayo-Polynesian
Maithili Indo-Aryan
Makasar Malayo-Polynesian
Makhuwa or Makua Bantu
Makhuwa-Meetto Bantu
Malagasy Malayo-Polynesian
Malay Malayo-Polynesian
Malayalam Dravidian
Malaysian Sign Language Signing
Maltese Semitic
Malto or Sauria Paharia Dravidian
Malvi or Malavi or Ujjaini Indo-Aryan
Mam Mayan
Manchu Tungusic
Mandaic Semitic
官话 汉语族
Mandinka Mande
Mansi or Vogul Uralic
Manx Celtic
Manyika Bantu
Maori Malayo-Polynesian
Mapudungun or Mapuche isolated
Maranao Malayo-Polynesian
Marathi Indo-Aryan
Mari or Cheremis Uralic
Maria Dravidian
Marquesan Malayo-Polynesian
Marshallese or Ebon Malayo-Polynesian
Martha's Vineyard Sign Language Signing
Masaba Bantu
Masbatenyo or Minasbate Malayo-Polynesian
Meitei or Manipuri or Meithei 藏缅语族
Mauritian Creole or Morisyen French-based creole
Maya Mayan
Mazandarani or Tabari Iranian
Meänkieli or Tornedalen Finnish Uralic
Megleno-Romanian 罗曼语族
Megrelian or Mingrelian South Caucasian
Mehri or Mahri Semitic
Menominee Algonquian
Mentawai Malayo-Polynesian
Meroitic unclassified, maybe Nilo-Saharan or isolated
Mescalero Apache Athabaskan
Meru or Kimeru Bantu
Michif mixed, French and Cree based
Mikasuki or Miccosukee Muskogean
Mi'kmaq or Micmac Algonquian
Minangkabau Malayo-Polynesian
Mirandese 罗曼语族
Mnong or M'Nong Austroasiatic
Mobilian Jargon pidgin, Choctaw and French based
Moghol Mongolic
Mohawk Iroquoian
Moksha Uralic
Molengue Bantu
Mon Austroasiatic
Mongolian Mongolic
Mono Ubangian
Mono Uto-Aztecan
Mono Malayo-Polynesian
Montagnais or Innu Algonquian
Montenegrin Slavic
Mopan Mayan
Motu Malayo-Polynesian
Muher Semitic
Mundari Austroasiatic
Munji Iranian
Muong Austroasiatic
Muria Dravidian

N

Nafaanra Senufo
Nagarchal Dravidian
Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan
Nama Khoe
Nanai Tungusic
Nauruan Malayo-Polynesian
Navajo or Navaho Na-Dené
Ndau or Southeast Shona Bantu
Ndonga Bantu
Neapolitan 罗曼语族
Negidal Tungusic
Nenets or Yurak Samoyedic
Nepal Bhasa or Newari 藏缅语族
Nepali Indo-Aryan
New Zealand Sign Language Signing
Nihali or Nahali isolated
Nganasan or Tavgi Samoyedic
Ngumba Bantu
Nheengatu or Geral or Modern Tupí Tupian
Nias Malayo-Polynesian
Nicaraguan Sign Language Signing
Niellim Adamawa
Nigerian Pidgin pidgin, English-based
Nisenan Penutian, Maiduan
Niuean or Niue Malayo-Polynesian
Nivkh or Gilyak isolated
Nogai Turkic
Norfuk or Norfolk or Pitcairn-Norfolk cant, English-Tahitian based
Norman or Norman-French Romance
Northern Ndebele Bantu
Northern Sami Uralic
Northern Sotho or Sepedi Bantu
Northern Straits Salish Salishan
Northern Yukaghir Yukaghir
Norwegian (Bokmål, Nynorsk, Riksmål) 日耳曼语族
Nuer Nilotic
Nuxálk or Bella Coola Salishan
Nyabwa Kru
Nyah Kur Austroasiatic
Nyangumarta Pama–Nyungan
Nyoro Bantu
Nǀu Tuu

O

Occitan or Provençal 罗曼语族
Ojibwe or Ojibwa or Chippewa Algonquian
Okinawan Japonic
Olonets Karelian or Liv or Livvi Uralic
Omagua Tupian
Ongota Afro-Asiatic
Odia Indo-Aryan
Ormuri Iranian
Oroch Tungusic
Orok Tungusic
Oromo or Afaan Oromoo Cushitic
Ossetic or Ossetian Iranian

P

Páez or Nasa Yuwe isolated
Palauan Malayo-Polynesian
Pangasinan Malayo-Polynesian
Papiamento or Papiamentu Ibero-Romance-creole
Parachi Iranian
Parya Indo-Aryan
Pashto or Pushto or Pashtu Iranian
Pennsylvania Dutch or Pennsylvania German 日耳曼语族
Persian or farsi, as it is referred to in the Persian language Iranian
Phalura Indo-Aryan
Phuthi Bantu
Picard 罗曼语族
Pipil or Nawat Uto-Aztecan
Pirahã Mura
Plautdietsch or Mennonite Low German 日耳曼语族
Polish Slavic
Portuguese 罗曼语族
Pothohari or Pahari-Potwari Indo-Aryan
Pradhan or Pardhan Dravidian
Puelche isolated or Chonan
Puma Tibeto-Burman language
Punjabi or Panjabi or Gurmukhi Indo-Aryan
Purépecha or Tarascan Language isolate

Q

Q'anjob'al Mayan
Qashqai or Ghashghai Turkic
Q'eqchí Mayan
Quebec Sign Language Signing
Quechua Quechuan

R

Rajasthani Indo-Aryan
Ratagnon or Datagnon or Latagnun Malayo-Polynesian
Réunion Creole or Bourbonnais French-based creole
Romanian 罗曼语族
Romansh or Rhaeto-Romance 罗曼语族
Romany or Gypsy Indo-Iranian
Romblomanon Malayo-Polynesian
Rotokas East Papuan
Rotuman Malayo-Polynesian
Runyankole language or Nyankore Bantu
Russian Slavic
Russian Sign Language Signing
Rutul language Northeast Caucasian languages
Ruthenian or Rusyn or Carpathian Slavic

S

Salar Turkic
Samoan Malayo-Polynesian
Sandawe isolate
Sango Ngbandi-based creole
Sanskrit Indo-Aryan, liturgical language
Santali Austroasiatic
Sara Malayo-Polynesian
Saraiki or Seraiki or Siraiki Southern Punjabi Indo-Aryan
Saramaccan English-based creole
Sardinian 罗曼语族
Sarikoli Iranian
Saurashtra or Sourashtra Indo-Aryan
Savara Dravidian
Savi Indo-Aryan
Sawai Malayo-Polynesian
Scots or Ulster Scots or Hiberno-Scots or Ullans 日耳曼语族
Scots Gaelic or Scottish Gaelic or Gaidhlig or Gaelic Celtic
Selangor Sign Language Signing
Selkup or Ostyak Samoyed Samoyedic
Semnani Iranian
Senaya Semitic
Serbian Slavic
Serbo-Croatian Slavic
Sesotho Bantu
Seto or Setu Uralic
Seychellois Creole French-based creole
Shan Tai–Kadai
Shimaore Bantu
Shina Indo-Aryan
Shipibo or Shipibo-Konibo Panoan
Shona Bantu
Shor Turkic
Shoshoni or Shoshone Uto-Aztecan
Shughni Iranian
Shumashti Indo-Aryan
Shuswap or Secwepemctsín Salishan
Siberian Tatar Turkic
Sicilian 罗曼语族
Sidamo Cushitic
Sika Malayo-Polynesian
Silesian Slavic
Silt'e or Selti or East Gurage Semitic
Sindhi Indo-Aryan
Sinhala Indo-Aryan
Sioux Siouan
Sivandi Iranian
Skolt Sami Uralic
Slavey Athabaskan
Slovak Slavic
Slovene or Slovenian Slavic
Soddo or Kistane Semitic
Somali Cushitic
Sonjo or Temi Bantu
Sonsorolese or Sonsorol Malayo-Polynesian
Soqotri Semitic
Sora Austroasiatic
Sorbian, Lower Slavic
Sorbian, Upper Slavic
Sourashtra Indo-Aryan
Southern Ndebele Bantu
Southern Sami Uralic
South Estonian Uralic
Southern Yukaghir or Forest Yukaghir Yukaghir
Spanish 罗曼语族
Sranan Tongo English-based creole
St'at'imcets or Lillooet Salishan
Sucite or Sìcìté Sénoufo Senufo
Suba Bantu
Sundanese Malayo-Polynesian
Supyire or Supyire Senoufo Senufo
Surigaonon Malayo-Polynesian
Susu Mande
Svan South Caucasian
Swahili Bantu
Swati or Swazi or Siswati or Seswati Bantu
Swedish 日耳曼语族
Syriac Semitic

T

Tabasaran or Tabassaran Northeast Caucasian
Tachelhit Berber
Tagalog Malayo-Polynesian
Tahitian Malayo-Polynesian
Tai Lue Tai-Kadai
Taíno Arawakan
Taiwanese Sign Language Signing
Tajik Iranian
Takestani Iranian
Talysh Iranian
Tamil Dravidian
Tanacross Athabaskan
Tangut 藏缅语族
Tarifit or Rifi or Riff Berber Berber
Tat or Tati Iranian
Tatar Turkic
Tausug Malayo-Polynesian
Tehuelche Chon
Telugu Dravidian
Tetum Malayo-Polynesian
Tepehua Totonacan
Tepehuán Uto-Aztecan
Thai Tai–Kadai
Tharu Indo-Aryan
Tibetan 藏缅语族
Tigre or Xasa Semitic
Tigrinya Semitic
Timbisha or Panamint Uto-Aztecan
Tiv Benue–Congo
Tlingit Na-Dené
Tobian Malayo-Polynesian
Toda Dravidian
Tok Pisin English-based creole
Tokelauan Malayo-Polynesian
Tonga Bantu
Tongan Malayo-Polynesian
Torwali or Turvali Indo-Aryan
Tregami Indo-Aryan
Tsat Malayo-Polynesian
Tsez or Dido Northeast Caucasian
Tshiluba or Luba-Kasai or Luba-Lulua Bantu
Tsimshian Penutian
Tsonga Bantu
Tswana or Setswana Bantu
Tu or Monguor Mongolic
Tuareg languages or Tamasheq Berber
Tulu Dravidian
Tumbuka Bantu
Tunisian Arabic
Tupiniquim Tupian
Turkish Turkic
Turkmen Turkic
Turoyo Semitic
Tuvaluan Malayo-Polynesian
Tuvan Tuvin or Tyvan Turkic
Tzeltal Mayan
Tzotzil Mayan

U

Udihe or Ude or Udege Tungusic
Udmurt or Votyak Uralic
Ukrainian Slavic
Ulch or Olcha Tungusic
Unserdeutsch or Rabaul Creole German German-based creole
Upper Sorbian Slavic
Urdu Indo-Aryan
Uripiv Malayo-Polynesian
Urum Turkic
Ute Uto-Aztecan
Uyghur or Uighur Turkic
Uzbek Turkic

V

Vafsi Iranian
Valencian Sign Language Signing
Vasi-vari or Prasuni Indo-Aryan
Vastese 罗曼语族
Venda or Tshivenda Bantu
Venetian 罗曼语族
Veps Uralic
Vietnamese Austroasiatic
Võro Uralic
Votic or Votian Uralic

W

Wa Austroasiatic
Waddar Dravidian
Waigali or Kalasha-Ala Indo-Aryan
Waima or Roro Malayo-Polynesian
Wakhi Iranian
Wallisian or East Uvean Polynesian
Walloon 罗曼语族
Waray or Binisaya Malayo-Polynesian
Washo Hokan
Welsh Celtic
Western Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Wolane (Silt'e) Semitic
Wolof Niger–Congo
吴语 汉语族

X

Xavante
Xhosa Bantu
湘语 汉语族
Xibe or Sibo Tungusic
Xinca isolate
Xipaya Tupian
ǃXóõ Khoisan

Y

Yaaku language Afro-Asiatic
Yaeyama language Japonic
Yaghnobi Iranian
Yakut Turkic
Yankunytjatjara language Pama–Nyungan languages, South Australia
Yanomami Yanomaman
Yanyuwa Pama–Nyungan
Yao (Dao; Mienic) Hmong–Mien
Yapese Malayo-Polynesian
Yaqui Uto-Aztecan languages
Yauma Bantu
Yavapai Yuman languages
Yazdi Iranian
Yazgulyam or Yazgulami Iranian
Yemenite Hebrew Semitic
Yeni Niger–Congo
Yevanic Indo-European
Yi language (Nuosu, Lolo) 藏缅语族
Yiddish 日耳曼语族
Yidgha Iranian
Yogur (also known as Yoghur, (Mongolic) Sarï Uyghur, and (Mongolic) Yellow Uyghur Mongolic
Yokutsan languages Yok-Utian
Yonaguni language Japonic
Yorùbá language Volta–Niger
Yucatec Maya language Yucatecan
Yucatec Maya Sign Language Signing
Yuchi language Language isolate, Nearly extinct
Yugur (also known as Yughur, (Turkic) Sarïgh Uyghur, and (Turkic) Yellow Uyghur Turkic
Yukaghir languages Yukaghir
Yupik languages Eskimo–Aleut
Yurats language Samoyedic
Yurok language Algic

Z

Záparo Saparoan
Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zazaki Iranian
Zeelandic Low Franconian
Zhuang Tai–Kadai
Zoque Mixe–Zoquean
Zulu Niger–Congo Bantu
Zuñi or Zuni isolated
Zway or Zay Semitic

参考资料[编辑]