南冰洋

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南冰洋英语Southern Ocean或Antarctic Ocean),也叫南極海或這南大洋,是繞牢南極洲個海洋,也是太平洋大西洋印度洋南面個海,差弗多勒南緯60°朝南。[1]老法頭個人一經當仔太平洋、大西洋搭印度洋一直延伸到南極洲,南冰洋個水畀當成功「南極海」,但必過因為海洋學浪發現南冰洋有重要個弗一樣個洋流國際水文地理組織就勒2000年確定俚是一隻獨立個大洋,變成功五大洋個第四大洋,比太平洋、大西洋搭印度洋小,必過比北冰洋大[2]

學術界還是有科學家認為根據大洋應該有對應個中洋脊弗承認「南冰洋」該個叫法。中國大陸普遍弗承認南冰洋,中國大陸出版個課本、地圖等等(譬方2009年中國地圖出版社出版個《世界地圖集》)儕弗標南冰洋。也有一部分學者認為南極幅合帶(一隻跟牢季節變個海洋區域)是南冰洋搭其他大洋個分界線,而弗是南纬60°。[3]澳大利亞政府認為澳大利亞南面個海就屬於南冰洋。[4][5]

參考[编辑]

  1. Geography - Southern Ocean. CIA Factbook. 访问日脚2012-07-16. “... the Southern Ocean has the unique distinction of being a large circumpolar body of water totally encircling the continent of Antarctica; this ring of water lies between 60 degrees south latitude and the coast of Antarctica and encompasses 360 degrees of longitude.”
  2. Introduction - Southern Ocean. CIA Factbook. 访问日脚2012-07-16. “...As such, the Southern Ocean is now the fourth largest of the world's five oceans(after the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Indian Ocean, but larger than the Arctic Ocean).”
  3. Pyne, Stephen J.; The Ice: A Journey to Antarctica. University of Washington Press, 1986.(A study of Antarctica's exploration, earth-sciences, icescape, esthetics, literature, and geopolitics)
  4. Darby, Andrew (22 December 2003). "Canberra all at sea over position of Southern Ocean". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/12/21/1071941610556.html. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  5. Indian Ocean. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 访问日脚13 January 2013.
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