佩蒂翁维尔学校倒塌事故

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佩蒂翁维尔学校倒塌事故发生于2008年11月7日,一间位于海地首都太子港郊区佩蒂翁维尔Pétionville)的名为“诺言学院”(The Evangelic Promise)的教会学校的教学大楼在当地时间早上10:00左右突然倒塌。[1][2] 事故导致超过500名学生和多名教师活埋在瓦砾之下;至今已造成至少93死150伤,估计死亡人数会持续上升。[3][4][5]

倒塌[编辑]

教学大楼的一楼被二楼和三楼紧紧压在下面,教学楼的倒塌还压倒了附近的几所民居。[6][6][7] 而学生主要分布在一楼和二楼,也有部分学生当时在操场上。[8] 倒塌的原因尚未正式公布,但是海地总统勒内·普雷瓦尔8日视察完现场后表示,学校为混凝土构造,建筑质量低劣,没有使用任何钢筋,以及有关部门监督不力为倒塌的主要原因。[6] 这所学校在2000年也曾经试过一次小规模的倒塌,后来重建了。[3] 而此次倒塌的时候,教学楼的三楼还正在建造。[9]

责任[编辑]

学校的负责人福尔廷·奥古斯廷牧师承认,这所学校全部由他设计建造,建造期间没有雇用任何建筑工程师。他于11月8日被捕,被控过失杀人[10][11]

救援[编辑]

多个国家和组织都对此次事故表示关切和哀悼。海地的邻国多米尼加共和国法国马提尼克无国界医生、联合国驻海地维和部队、红十字会美国国际开发署等都派救援队伍前往协助救援。[9][12][13][14]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. news.xinhuanet.com, Death toll in Haitian school collapse rises to 92
  2. "50 dead in Haitian grade-school collapse". AFP. 2008-11-08. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5h_imjKUfz61aWKiTjo3DgsF6gskA. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Katz, Jonathan M. (2008-11-07). "Death toll in Haiti school collapse rises to 30". AP. http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hHOomf3U8hUR7ep44gyz4xKgtuOQD94AE87G0. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  4. "Classroom of corpses dug from rubble after Haiti school collapse". The Sunday Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article5119867.ece. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  5. "Haiti school collapse: 200 feared missing". The Observer. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/nov/09/haiti-school-collapse-disaster. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Deadly school collapse in Haiti". BBC. 2008-11-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7716516.stm. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  7. "84 killed, 150 injured in Haitian school collapse". Associated Press. 2008-11-09. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hgnHaEEMVynAbrKsBGQUkNpb4EAw. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  8. "Rescue continues into the night after Haiti school collapses". CNN. 2008-11-08. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/americas/11/07/haiti.school.collapse/. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Katz, Jonathan (2008-11-07). "Death toll in Haiti school collapse rises to 30". Associated Press. http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hHOomf3U8hUR7ep44gyz4xKgtuOQD94ABHMO0. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  10. canadianpress.google.com, Owner of collapsed Haiti school arrested
  11. macaunews.net, Haiti school owner in custody
  12. "50 dead in Haitian grade-school collapse". Agence France-Presse. 2008-11-08. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5h_imjKUfz61aWKiTjo3DgsF6gskA. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  13. "USAID Responds Immediately to Haitian School Collapse". Wall Street Journal. 2008-11-07. http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/USAID-Responds-Immediately-Haitian-School/story.aspx?guid=%7B997A3A3F-014B-4796-8834-E3BD6DD65D91%7D. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  14. news.xinhuanet.com, Death toll in Haitian school collapse rises to 92