|about BC 250||头曼单于，匈奴第一代单于。当政时辖地东与东胡、南与秦、西与月氏为邻。秦始皇三十二年（前215），秦派蒙恬进取河南地，头曼率部属北徙，秦末边防松弛，头曼又悄悄南进。匈奴的兴起，是匈奴国家的创立者头曼统治的结果，《史记•匈奴传》载：“当是之时，东胡强而月氏盛，匈奴单于曰头曼。”|
|BC 209||冒顿单于是头曼单于长子，初被质于月氏。头曼爱其异母弟，曾阴谋借月氏之手杀之。冒顿得悉，盗取月氏善马逃回。他的英勇行动，使头曼受到感动，遂授之为“万骑长”。冒顿为洗雪前耻，刻苦练习骑射，严格训练士卒，于公元前209年杀死头曼，自立为单于。Die bulgarische Fürstenliste und die Sprache der Protobulgaren, Ural-Altaische Bibliothek, Otto Harrassowitz - Wiesbaden, 1955, founder of Xiongnu Empire. The Huns have possibly descended from Xiongnu.|
|2th c.||The region of South-Uralic steppe, around the River Don or the Syr Darya, first historical record by Ptolemy.|
|370||The Huns appeared in Europe. Under Balamber.|
|370s||Balamber, ruler of Huns.|
|370||Huns crush the Alans, after crossed the Don, subjutaged them.|
|370s||Huns and Alans crush the Ostrogoths coalition of king Ermanaric, who commited suicide.|
|380s?||Hunnic campaign against Persia reached as far as Syria.|
|400||Uldin, one of the primary chieftains of the Huns located beyond the Danube. He did not, however have total control of the Hunnic people.|
|405||Uldin led a body of Huns, together with his allies the Sciri, in the service of the western Magister Militum, Stilicho, against the invasion of Radagaisus.|
|408||Uldin's invasion of Moesia was repulsed, with thousands of his Germanic allies falling into Roman hands. Uldin was forced to retreat.|
|412||Uldin died. And the Huns divided into three large groups.|
|410–422||Charaton king of the Huns|
|42?||Octar, a Hunnic ruler. His rule dates are unknown. He succeeded Charaton.|
|Mundzuk, Hunnic prince, father of Attila and Bleda.|
|432||Ruga, a warlord of the Huns, early victories over the Roman Empire. Under his command, the Huns invaded Roman territory and, after threatening the capitol, managed to take tribute from the Roman emperor of the time.|
|434||Bleda and Attila the Hun rule jointly|
|443||Attila's campaign strikes along the Danube,
the Huns overran the military centres of Ratiara and
successfully besieged Naissus (modern Niš), then pushing along the Nisava River,
they took Serdica (Sofia), Philippopolis (Plovdiv), and Arcadiopolis.
They encountered and destroyed the Roman army outside Constantinople and stopped by the double walls of the Eastern capital.
A second army was defeated near Callipolis (modern Gallipoli).
Theodosius, now without any armed forces to respond, admitting defeat, sent the court official Anatolius to negotiate peace terms.
|445||Bleda died, after some intrigue he was killed by his brother Attila.
Attila became sole ruler.
|447||Attila rode south into the empire through Moesia and defeated the Roman army in the Battle of the Utus.|
|451 Jun 20||Battle of the Catalaunian Plains in France,
"Battle of the Barbarians" between Attila's Huns and Aetius's Romans
|453||Attila died in the early months of the year from nosebleed or
assasination by princess Gudrun.
|453||Civil war among his sons: Ellac, Dengizich, Ernakh. Ellac wins and became king of Huns. Some Hun tribes migrated eastwards.|
|453||Ernakh founded the Proto-Bolgar Empire at the Volga river.|
|454||Battle of Nedao, the subjugated Germanic tribes rebelled against Ellac, lead by king Ardaric of Gepids. Ardrik won, and Ellak was killed.|
|454||Dengizich became Hunnic ruler over the western tribes.|
|469||Dengezich was defeated and killed by Byzantine army, ending his Hunnic raids.|
|470s||A part of Huns offered their military services to the East Roman Empire in return for land in which they could settle. The East Roman Emperor allowed them to settle in Thrace, where they were to serve as a buffer zone against the incursion of other tribes.|
|480?||Mundo leader of a raiding group rules from Herta.|
|500s?||Tribes of Utigurs and Kutrigurs, Sabirs, Ogurs, Saragurs, Onogurs, Bulgars living in Scythia, region north of Black Sea, mentioned as Hunnic people by the sources.|
|520s||Gordas ruler over Huns, but they rebelled against him. The rebellion led by his brother Muageris was succesful, Gordas was killed.|
|528-||Muageris, king of Huns in region of Azov Sea.|
|567||Avars came to Europe, after battles with Sabirs and others, they conquered a number of Hunnic remnant tribes.|
|632||Kubrat Khan of Utigurs defeated the Avars and reunited the Utigurs and Kutrigurs into an empire called Onoguria (Old Great Bulgaria). He was successed by his eldest son Batbayan.|
|650s||Kotrag. A dissenting faction of Kutrigurs have traveled to the upper Volga where, along with part of the Utigurs, they founded the state of Volga Bulgaria with Kotrag as its ruler.|
|665||Batbayan, ruled from Poltava the lands north of the Black Sea and the Azov Sea.|
|668||Batbayan engaged in wars with his relative Cozrig and was temporarily driven into Crimea. Cozrig's Khazars attacked and eventually took the steppes between Don and the Urals, the war ended with a treaty between Batbayan and the Khazar Khagan Kaban.|
|668||Batbajan's Onogur state disintegrated under Khazar attack in 668, and his brothers parted ways, leading their people to seek a more secure home in other lands.|
|668||Asparuch went with one branch (20,000 to 30,000 Bulgars) to the lower Danube, to the territory of present day Bulgaria and conquered the Slavs living there and his people later assimilated.|
|668||Kuber. Under the leadership of him, an other part of the Kutrigur tribe moved to Sirmium (Pannonia) into the Avar Khaganate.|
|668||The fifth and smallest group, of Alcek, after many wanderings, ended up led by Emnetzur and settled mainly in Italy, near Naples in the Benevento and Salerno.|
|700s||Civil war in the Avar Khaganate between the old Avars and the newcomer Bulgars. Avars won.|
|800||Charlemagne and his son leaded an army to against Huns (Avars), defeated them, so the Avar Khaganate ended.|
|892||Later some of the Onogur nomad tribes were united with blood covenant under the tribe of Magyar and with the lead of Arpad, described as a descendant of Attila, conquered the Carpathian Basin, "domains of King Attila", around the former Hunnic capital Buda, in the center territory of the old Avar Khaganate, united with the remained Avars and had became known as Hungarians. They were considered and described as Huns by the contemporary and later historical sources. ("Ungars, formerly Avars, the remnants of Huns"). They had established their country Hungary, what still presents in our days.|